February 13, 2024 | Sammy Tran

Iceland: The Land of Fire and Ice


Iceland, the stunning Nordic gem, known for its beautiful lagoons, waterfalls, and their magnificent night sky.

But did you know that there’s no McDonald’s in Iceland? Or that pretty much the entire country is on a first-name basis?

Here are 45 weird and interesting things you should know about Iceland, The Land of Fire and Ice.

Iceland is One of the Last Countries to Have Human Settlers

Iceland is one of the last counties in the world to have human settlers. It was still uninhabited long after the rest of Western Europe had been settled.

Landscape photo of a green field near mountain during daytimeRudy Kirchner, Pexels

Iceland Had the First Parliament

Iceland has one of the oldest known parliaments in human history.

Dating all the way back to the year 930, the first national parliament was founded in Thingvellir—which is now a national park.

Rift Zone Stream, Þingvellir (Thingvellir) National Park, IcelandChris Ford, Flickr

Iceland Has a Low Population

Iceland’s population is only about 350,000—which is around 1/10th of the population of San Francisco.

They have about 8 people per square mile, with Reykjavik housing roughly one-third of the country’s entire population.

Landscape View of Reykjavik from HallgrimskirkjaAntony Stanley, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons


There is No Standing Army in Iceland

Iceland is known to be a fairly laid-back country with minimal unlawful activity going on—thankfully, because is it the only NATO country to not have a standing army, air force or navy.

It does have a small Crisis Response Unit (ICRU), but the staff do not carry arms or wear a uniform in most circumstances.

Reykjavik Street Photography, Street scenes around Reykjavik, Iceland.Eric Sonstroem, Flickr

There is No McDonalds in Iceland

At one time, Big Macs were available—until the financial crash in 2008. Imported ingredients were hard to come by and prices soared leading to the shut down of all McDonalds restaurants in the country (which weren’t very many to begin with).

Even after things seemingly got better, Iceland chose to keep McDonalds outside their borders.

The McDonald's restaurant at Suðurlandsbraut, Iceland. East side.Hinrik, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland is a Free Country

Iceland is known as one of the freest countries in the world. It was ranked 4th in the 2019 Index of Economical Freedom, with high rankings for “labor freedom” and “government integrity”.

The country ranked 3rd in the world in a Personal Freedom chart by the Legatum Prosperity Index.

Street Photography of Downtown ReykjavikJames Brooks, Flickr

Iceland Has a Celebratory Brew Day

Back in 1908, Iceland voted on an alcohol ban—but that didn’t stick around because it started to affect their import/export business. So, instead, they put the ban on beer only.

The beer ban stuck around for 74 years, finally being squashed in 1989. The country now celebrates “Beer Day”, on March 1st.

Close up Photography of a Beer Tap in a BarJonathan, Flickr

Iceland Had the First Female President

Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is an Icelandic politician who served as the fourth president of Iceland from 1980 to 1996. Vigdís is the first woman in the world to be democratically elected as president.

Grayscale Photo of Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, president of Iceland from 1980 to 1996.Rob Croes, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has the Largest Glacier in Europe

Vatnajökull is the largest glacier in Europe. It covers over 8100 square kilometers and has around 30 outlet glaciers.

Landscape photo of glaciers in water in iceland winterMichael Fiukowski, Pexels


Iceland Has a Naming Committee

Iceland has a naming committee that approves or declines people’s names. There is an official register of approved Icelandic given names, and specific names that are not allowed.

For example, the letter C is not included in the Icelandic alphabet, so any name that begins with that letter is not allowed.

Landscape Photo of Downtown ReykjavikPedro, Flickr

Iceland Has the Purest Water

Almost all of the water in Iceland is pure, refreshing and you can drink it from any and every tap in the country. There is no need for water purifiers, and bottled water is not regularly purchased or consumed by Icelanders, as there is no need.

The tap water is pure, and free!

Jökulsárlón glacial lake, large glacial lake in southeast IcelandGRID-Arendal, Flickr

Iceland Was Named After Its Landscape

Its fairly obvious where Iceland got its name—the ice. Over 10% of country is covered in glaciers. In total, there are about 269 recognized glaciers in Iceland.

Gígjökull, an outlet glacier extending from Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland.Andreas Tille, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

You Can Swim Outdoors All Year Round

Even though it is almost always cold in Iceland, you can swim outdoors at any time of the year. This is because there are natural geothermal swimming pools—and there is one in nearly every town in the country.

Geothermal swimming pools are hot springs where the water temperature varies between warm and fairly hot, depending on its location.

'Bathing on Mars', Iceland, Grindavik, Blue LagoonChris Ford, Flickr

Icelanders Favorite Snacks

This may not be true for all Icelanders, but it is a common belief that the most popular snacks in Iceland are ice cream and black licorice.

There is a historical reason for this: the first settlers did not have sugar or honey, so they used licorice root as a sweetener. The flavor stuck, and it is now in all sorts of candy and snacks around the country.

Black Licorice candies  at French market ColcehsterFranklin Hunting, Flickr

Iceland Has No Dangerous Wildlife

Due to its climate, it’s no surprise that Iceland has almost no dangerous wildlife. There are no snakes, bears, mosquitos, or poisonous bugs in the entire country.

The most dangerous animal would be polar bears—but they are typically far from city life and pose very minimal threat to humans.

Landscape Photo of Red Fields on the Tundra in IcelandTrey Ratcliff, Flickr


There Are No Trains in Iceland

There are no trains or railway system in Iceland. The only way to get in and out of the country are by air and sea. Travel from one city to another is typically by bus or domestic flight.

Landscape Photo of Boats moored in Reykjavik's old harbor.Ypsilon, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland is Home to Global Beauties

Even with Iceland’s fairly small population, they still took the crown in several Miss World competitions. It is one of the most successful countries at the Miss World pageant with three victories.

Diana Boanca (Miss Bikini International), Denise Garrido (Miss World Canada), Emma Waldron (Miss Ireland), HV Jain with Family (Jain Group of Comapnies), Fanney Ingvarsdottir (Miss World Iceland), Claudia Arce Lemaitre (Miss Bolivia Universe) & Marika Savsek (Miss Universe Slovenia).Priyash001, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Holds a Record for Published Books

Icelanders publish more books per capita than any other nation in the world. They even have a book-giving holiday – Jolabokaflod – on Christmas Eve.

Reykjavik National Library National TheatreMartinPutz, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has a Phallological Museum

This museum is like nothing you’ve ever seen before. It is the world only genuine “manhood” museum.

According to its website, The Icelandic Phallological Museum, is “dedicated to collecting, studying and presenting actual phalluses and all things phallic.”

It’s complete with bistro that serves penile shaped food, and a gift shop with all things penile.

Photo of the Icelandic Phallological MuseumDesmond Talkingto, Flickr

Iceland Has One Seriously Long Word

The longest word found in the Icelandic language is: vaðlaheiðarvegavinnuverkfærageymsluskúraútidyralyklakippuhringur. 

It word refers to, “the key ring to the tool work shed in the road works of Vaðlaheiði”. It is often been considered a joke, but road workers maintain that the word refers to the actual key ring for the shed they use.

Landscape Photo of the Reykjavík UniversityJeff Hitchcock, CC BY 2.0, Wikimedia Commons

Babies Nap Outside in Iceland

From infancy to about 2 years old, Icelandic children sleep outside in baby carriages for their noon nap. This is on the belief that fresh air is imperative for a good sleep, and child development.

It also builds trust, as babies are left alone, and promotes openness.

Baby in a pram on the street in IcelandMatthew Yglesias, Flickr


Icelanders Can Easily Trace Their Heritage

All Icelanders can access a website called Íslendingabók to trace their heritage back to the Vikings and even see how they are related to other Icelanders.

Typically, the question is not if they are related, it is how much they are related.

Landscape photo of Reykjavík, IcelandDomenico Convertini, Flickr

Icelanders Are on a First Name Basis

Icelanders always address each other by their first names. This is the same for all Icelanders, even if they might be speaking to the president. Their culture is very laid back.

Laugavegur - famous street in Reykjavik, Iceland.Marek Slusarczyk, CC BY 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Icelandic Horses Are Unique

Icelandic horses have a unique gait—referred to as tölt—and have not been mixed with other breeds for over 1,000 years.

Guðmundur Arnarson rides Sævar frá StangarholtiDagur Brynjólfsson, CC BY-SA 2.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has a Midnight Sun

The Midnight Sun is an annual occurrence taking place from June to July. This means you can witness light for 24 hours a day during that one-month period.

Midnight Sun As Seen Over Myvvatn Lake, IcelandPet_r, Flickr

Men Are Commonly Named After Elves

Traditionally, a lot of male Icelanders were named “Alfur”, which translates to “Elf”. This dates back to their early beliefs about elves—having some sort of control over good and bad things that happen to the community.

Landscape photography of Skogafoss waterfall - IcelandGiuseppe Milo, CC BY 2.0, Wikimedia Commons

Female Clubs Are Banned in Iceland

Clubs where women typically take off their clothing are completely banned in Iceland, specifically “all businesses that profit off unclothed employees”.

Bankastreati - one of the main shopping streets in Reykjavik, IcelandPedro Plassen Lopes, Flickr

Local Authorities Are Unarmed in Iceland

Given that the country is known as one of the safest countries in the world, the local authorities do not feel it is necessary to bare arms.

Most unlawful activity in Iceland is not dangerous and authorities are able to do their job without using force.

Two Icelandic Police Officers walking on the streetChristopher Porter, Flickr

The Northern Lights in Iceland Are Different

The Northern Lights you typically see from most parts are the globe are usually green with some yellow. But the Northern lights you witness in Iceland shows stunning hues of red, purple and pink.

This is due to altitude.

Northern Lights In IcelandCameron Pickett, CC BY 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Are Common in Iceland

Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are fairly common in Iceland. So, the locals are trained to react appropriately from a young age. Their homes are built with this in mind, and children are taught not to overreact to common rumbles and vibrations.

The cone of the dormant Helgafell volcano seen from Heimaey harborDiego Delso, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Only Has One Native Mammal

The Arctic fox is the only species of land mammal native to Iceland.

It apparently survived on the island through the last ice age and stuck around once the thick glacial ice receded.

Young arctic fox near Thrihnukagigur volcanoClaudia.Garad, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Sits on Two Tectonic Plates

Iceland sits on the meeting of two tectonic plates, one is the North American plate and the other is the Eurasian plate.

It is also the only place in the world where you can snorkel between two tectonic plates.

Landscape Photography of Foss Waterfall in IcelandGiuseppe Milo, CC BY 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland’s Airport Sits in a Lava Field

Iceland only has one international airport, and it sits in the middle of a lava field. In fact, a volcano in the area has erupted several times, sometimes twice in one year.

Aside from a 2010 eruption that led to widespread airspace closures in Europe, the erupting volcano doesn’t seem to affect air travel.

A sunset at the Keflavik Airport, IcelandNaPhi Media, Flickr

Many Waterfalls in Iceland Have No Names

There are so many stunning waterfalls in Iceland—many that are actually quite popular among tourists. However, because they are a common sight to see, many of them are not officially named.

Sunset view from the back of the Seljalandsfoss waterfall, Suðurland, Iceland.Diego Delso, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons

The Icelandic Language is Unique

The Icelandic language is so unique that there are numerous words that do not have any direct English translation. They also have many Icelandic words for one English word, such as “wind”.

Given the county’s isolation, Icelandic is one of the smallest “nation-state” languages in the world.

Historical and touristic downtown in Reykjavik at Summer in IcelandOleg Senkov, Shutterstock

Iceland Ranks High in Equality

Iceland was once voted the best place for women to live. This is because women’s equality is literally protected by law.

The Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men is the reason gender equality is a hallmark of Icelandic culture.

Reykjavik Centrum, The street at left is Laugavegur, the main street of Reykjavik.Steve Boland, Flickr

Iceland's Seasons Are Drastically Different

Iceland is a beautiful place to visit all year round, however the best time to travel depends on what you plan to see.

While winter is better for exploring glaciers and seeing the northern lights, summer is better for swimming in geothermal pools and going on long hikes through lava fields.

Icelandic landscape of hills and a river.Gotta Be Worth It, Pexels

Iceland Was the First Country to Have an Openly Gay Prime Minister

Iceland has a president, who is the head of state, and a prime minister who serves as the head of government in a multi-party system.

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir became Prime Minister in 2009, and was Iceland's first female Prime Minister and the world's first openly LGBT head of government.

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Prime Minister of Iceland.Johannes Jansson, CC BY 2.5, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has Several Different Species of Whales

Iceland has more than 20 different species of whales that can be found swimming in the sea around the island.

Watching humpbacked whales in Akureyri with Elding TripsFernando Vega, Flickr

There Were No Dinosaurs in Iceland

No dinosaur bones have ever been found in Iceland as the land mass is only about 20 million years old. The last of the giant dinosaurs died out 66 million years ago.

The mountain Esja seen from Lambastaðir (Reykjavik), from southwestLydur Skulason, CC BY 2.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has Universal Healthcare

Iceland has a universal healthcare system (which is paid for via taxes), and does not have any private hospitals on the island.

Everyone is entitled to emergency medical assistance covered by Icelandic Health Insurance (IHI).

The Landspítali – The National University Hospital of IcelandVera de Kok, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland Has Religious Freedom

Freedom of religion in Iceland is guaranteed by the 64th article of the Constitution of Iceland.

Although, it also states that the Evangelical Lutheran Church shall be the national church (þjóðkirkja) and the national curriculum places emphasis on Christian studies, the constitution still protects the right to form other religious associations.

Hallgrímskirkja Church ReykjavikSteven Lek, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons

Iceland is Expensive

Iceland is the eighth most expensive country in the world with a cost of living 15.8% higher than the US, according to Numbeo's global cost of living index.

The country has fairly high costs of food, housing and transportation, and they also have a limited job market, particularly for foreigners.

Street Photography of Reykjavik on a rainy dayGerd Eichmann, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia Commons

Icelanders Love Sauce

This may not be true for all, but it is said that Icelanders love their sauce. Apparently, they enjoy covering their food in all kinds of sauces, but mostly gravy and bearnaise sauce.

They have a sauce for everything—even ice cream!

Icelandic Lobster sautéed in garlic butterBenreis, CC BY 3.0, Wikimedia Commons

Icelanders Enjoy Being Unclothed

As with many European cultures, unclothed Icelanders is not an uncommon sight, in fact, it is quite normal.

It is common to shower, without swim suits, prior to swimming in the public geothermal pools in order to keep them clean. Icelanders are typically not shy and will bare all to whomever is around at the time.

Austurstraeti Street, City Center, Reykjavik, IcelandTerry Feuerborn, Flickr

Final Thoughts

While Iceland is a relatively cold climate, it remains one of the best countries to live in. While it may be an expensive country to reside, Icelanders are one of the happiest cultures who take pride in equality and love their sauces.

Landscape photography of Tindfjallajokull in IcelandGiuseppe Milo, Flickr